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The Huel Bar Formula

Nutrition and Ingredients

  • Full Nutritional Profile of Huel Bars
  • Full List of Ingredients
  • Huel Bar Formula Explained

  • Huel Bar Macro Split
  • Carbohydrates in the Huel Bar
  • Fats: Flaxseed, Sunflower and Coconut
  • The Huel Bar Is High in Protein
  • Vitamins and Minerals in the Huel Bar
  • The Huel Bar Is High in Fibre
  • Phytonutrients in Huel
  • Amino Acid Profile of the Huel Bar
  • Cautions, Allergens and Medical Interactions

  • Cautions and Allergen Advice
  • Medication Interactions
  • Allergen Advice

  • By James Collier BSc (Hons), Registered Nutritionist, who devised the Huel nutritional formulas. He has over 25 years of experience working in nutrition and dietetics, including seven years as a clinical dietician in the NHS. Covering an array of clinical areas, he worked with people with a wide range of ailments and food intolerances. He also has an honours degree in Nutrition with Dietetics.

    Huel is more than complete nutrition. Not only do Huel products meet the EU Reference Nutrient Intake (RNI), Reference Intake (RI) and Nutrient Reference Value (NRV) for all macro- and micronutrients (1-3), they also provide a sustained source of energy and have a wealth of other benefits. The reference values are what's accepted as enough of each nutrient to cover most of the population and are essentially the recommended daily amounts (RDAs) for each nutrient. But there's a lot more to Huel Bar than just meeting these RDAs.

    Full Nutritional Profile of Huel Bars


    Serving size: Consume one to four bars per day, as desired

    Per 100g Per 64g portion % RI* (per 64g portion)
    Energy 1630kJ 1050kJ
    388kcal 250kcal 13%
    Fat (g) 14.2 9.2 13%
    - of which saturates (g) 4.8 3.1 16%
    - of which monounsaturates (g) 2.5 1.6
    - of which polyunsaturates (g) 6.3 4.1
    Carbohydrate (g) 36.7 23.7 9%
    - of which sugars (g) 15.8 10.2 11%
    Fibre (g) 11.6 7.5 (25%)
    Protein (g) 23.2 15.0 30%
    Salt (g) 0.3 0.2 4%

    *Reference intake of an average adult (8400kJ/2000kcal)

    Vitamins & Minerals

    Per 100g Per 64g portion %NRV** (per 64g portion)
    Vitamin A (µg) 194 125 16%
    Vitamin D (µg) 2.9 1.9 38%
    Vitamin E (mg) 2.7 1.8 15%
    Vitamin K (µg) 18 12 15%
    Vitamin C (mg) 58 38 47%
    Thiamin (mg) 0.3 0.2 15%
    Riboflavin (mg) 0.3 0.2 15%
    Niacin (mg) 3.7 2.4 15%
    Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.3 0.2 15%
    Folate (µg) 63 41 20%
    Vitamin B12 (µg) 0.6 0.4 15%
    Biotin (µg) 12 7.5 15%
    Pantothenic Acid (mg) 1.4 0.9 15%
    Potassium (mg) 679 438 22%
    Chloride (mg) 180 116 15%
    Calcium (mg) 184 119 15%
    Phosphorus (mg) 272 175 25%
    Magnesium (mg) 107 69 18%
    Iron (mg) 5.8 3.8 27%
    Zinc (mg) 2.4 1.6 16%
    Copper (mg) 0.3 0.2 19%
    Manganese (mg) 0.7 0.4 22%
    Selenium (µg) 14 8.8 16%
    Chromium (µg) 9.3 6.0 15%
    Molybdenum (µg) 13.0 8.0 17%
    Iodine (µg) 34 22 15%

    Additional Information

    Per 100g Per 64g portion
    Choline (mg) 107 69
    Omega 3 (g) 1.0 0.6
    Omega 6 (g) 4.5 2.9
    MCTs (g) 2.0 1.3
    Trans Fat (g) <0.1 <0.1

    **EU Nutrient Reference Values (NRV)


    Cocoa & Orange

    Serving size: Consume one to four bars per day, as desired

    Per 100g Per 65g portion % RI (per 65g portion)
    Energy 1626kJ 1050kJ
    387kcal 250kcal 13%
    Fat (g) 14.2 9.2 13%
    - of which saturates (g) 4.8 3.1 16%
    - of which monounsaturates (g) 2.5 1.6
    - of which polyunsaturates (g) 6.3 4.1
    Carbohydrate (g) 36.7 23.7 9%
    - of which sugars (g) 15.8 10.2 11%
    Fibre (g) 11.6 7.5 (25%)
    Protein (g) 23.2 15.0 30%
    Salt (g) 0.4 0.2 4%

    *RI, previously GDA, is the EU Reference Intake of an average adult per day

    Vitamins & Minerals

    Per 100g Per 65g portion %NRV** (per 65g portion)
    Vitamin A (µg) 194 125 16%
    Vitamin D (µg) 2.9 1.9 38%
    Vitamin E (mg) 2.7 1.8 15%
    Vitamin K (µg) 18 12 15%
    Vitamin C (mg) 58 38 47%
    Thiamin (mg) 0.3 0.2 15%
    Riboflavin (mg) 0.3 0.2 15%
    Niacin (mg) 3.7 2.4 15%
    Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.3 0.2 15%
    Folate (µg) 63 41 20%
    Vitamin B12 (µg) 0.6 0.4 15%
    Biotin (µg) 12 7.5 15%
    Pantothenic Acid (mg) 1.4 0.9 15%
    Potassium (mg) 678 438 22%
    Chloride (mg) 180 116 15%
    Calcium (mg) 184 119 15%
    Phosphorus (mg) 271 175 25%
    Magnesium (mg) 106 69 18%
    Iron (mg) 5.8 3.8 27%
    Zinc (mg) 2.4 1.6 16%
    Copper (mg) 0.3 0.2 19%
    Manganese (mg) 0.7 0.4 22%
    Selenium (µg) 13.6 8.8 16%
    Chromium (µg) 9.3 6.0 15%
    Molybdenum (µg) 13.0 8.0 17%
    Iodine (µg) 34 22 15%

    Additional Information

    Per 100g Per 65g portion
    Choline (mg) 106 69
    Omega 3 (g) 1.0 0.7
    Omega 6 (g) 4.5 2.9
    MCTs (g) 2.0 1.3
    Trans Fat (g) <0.1 <0.1

    **EU Nutrient Reference Values (NRV)



    Serving size: Consume one to four bars per day, as desired

    Per 100g Per 66g portion %RI (per 66g portion)
    Energy 1594kJ 1050kJ
    380kcal 250kcal 13%
    Fat (g) 13.5 8.9 13%
    - of which saturates (g) 4.3 2.8 14%
    - of which monounsaturates (g) 2.4 1.6
    - of which polyunsaturates (g) 6.1 4.0
    Carbohydrate (g) 37.7 24.8 9%
    - of which sugars (g) 15.8 10.4 12%
    Fibre (g) 11.3 7.4 (25%)
    Protein (g) 22.9 15.1 30%
    Salt (g) 0.4 0.2 4%

    *Reference intake of an average adult (8400kJ/2000kcal)

    Vitamins & Minerals

    Per 100g Per 66g portion %NRV** (per 66g portion)
    Vitamin A (µg) 190 125 16%
    Vitamin D (µg) 2.8 1.9 38%
    Vitamin E (mg) 2.7 1.8 15%
    Vitamin K (µg) 18.0 12.0 15%
    Vitamin C (mg) 57.0 38.0 47%
    Thiamin (mg) 0.2 0.2 15%
    Riboflavin (mg) 0.3 0.2 15%
    Niacin (mg) 3.6 2.4 15%
    Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.3 0.2 15%
    Folate (µg) 62.0 41.0 20%
    Vitamin B12 (µg) 0.6 0.4 15%
    Biotin (µg) 11.4 7.5 15%
    Pantothenic Acid (mg) 1.3 0.9 15%
    Potassium (mg) 664 438 22%
    Chloride (mg) 177 116 15%
    Calcium (mg) 180 119 15%
    Phosphorus (mg) 266 175 25%
    Magnesium (mg) 99.0 65.0 17%
    Iron (mg) 5.7 3.8 27%
    Zinc (mg) 2.4 1.6 16%
    Copper (mg) 0.3 0.2 18%
    Manganese (mg) 0.7 0.4 22%
    Selenium (µg) 13.0 8.2 15%
    Chromium (µg) 9.1 6.0 15%
    Molybdenum (µg) 13.0 8.0 17%
    Iodine (µg) 33.0 22.0 15%

    Additional Information

    Per 100g Per 66g portion
    Choline (mg) 104 69
    Omega 3 (g) 1.0 0.7
    Omega 6 (g) 4.4 2.9
    MCTs (g) 2.0 1.3
    Trans Fat (g) <0.1 <0.1
    Caffeine 88.7 58.4

    **EU Nutrient Reference Values (NRV)

    Full List of Ingredients

    Ingredients of Huel Cocoa Bar

    Brown Rice Syrup, Pea Protein, Soluble Gluco Fibre, Brown Rice Protein, Gluten-Free Oat Flour, Gluten-Free Rolled Oats, Cocoa Powder (5%), Coconut Nectar, Date Syrup, Sunflower Lecithin, Flaxseed Powder, Rice Bran, Cacao Nibs, MCT Oil, Sunflower Oil, Micronutrient Blend*, Vanilla Flavour.

    Ingredients of Huel Cocoa & Orange Bar

    Brown Rice Syrup, Pea Protein, Soluble Gluco Fibre, Brown Rice Protein, Gluten-Free Oat Flour, Gluten-Free Rolled Oats, Cocoa Powder (5%), Coconut Nectar, Date Syrup, Sunflower Lecithin, Flaxseed Powder, Rice Bran, Cacao Nibs, MCT Oil, Sunflower Oil, Micronutrient Blend*, Orange Oil.

    Ingredients of Huel Coffee Bar

    Brown Rice Syrup, Pea Protein, Soluble Gluco Fibre, Brown Rice Protein, Gluten-Free Oat Flour, Gluten-Free Rolled Oats, Coconut Nectar, Date Syrup, Sunflower Lecithin, Flaxseed Powder, Rice Bran, Instant Coffee Powder (3%), Cacao Nibs, MCT Oil, Sunflower Oil, Cocoa Powder, Micronutrient Blend*, Natural Flavouring.

    *Micronutrient blend for Huel Bars

    Potassium Chloride, Calcium Carbonate, Magnesium Chloride, Vitamin C, Niacin (as Niacinamide), Vitamin E (as D-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate), Pantothenic Acid (as Calcium-D-Pantothenate), Vitamin B6 (as Pyridoxine Hydrochloride), Riboflavin, Zinc Oxide, Thiamin Mononitrate, L-Methylfolate Calcium, Vitamin A (as Retinol Acetate), Potassium Iodide, Vitamin K2 (as Menaquinone-7), Vitamin D2, Vitamin B12 (as Cyanocobalamin).

    Huel Bar Macronutrient Split

    The principal macronutrients through which we obtain energy from food are carbohydrate, fat, protein and fibre, and Huel Bar contains them at the ratio of 38:32:24:6; i.e. 38% of the energy comes from carbohydrate, 32% from fat, 24% from protein and 6% from fibre respectively.

    Amino acids are the most basic units of protein, and several amino acids are essential for life, with others being crucial for good health, so any diet has to contain a significant amount of protein. There are also fatty acids that are essential for life and good health, so including sources of fat is crucial too. Carbohydrate may not be essential per se, but it does have significant benefits in sustaining even energy levels.

    Huel Bar provides these macronutrient ratios within the parameters of healthy eating guidelines as well as allowing for optimum, sustained energy release whilst also covering macronutritional requirements for disease prevention. The ratios are different to that of Huel Powder because Huel Bar constituents have to adhere together and provide a pleasant texture and flavour, and this means different ingredients have to be used.

    Carbohydrate in Huel Bar

    The carbs in Huel Bar are from a number of ingredients including fine powdered oats. Oats have been shown to have a low glycaemic index (GI); GI refers to the speed with which blood sugar rises after we ingest a carb source and, hence, energy levels (4, 5). As oats are natural, they provide so much more than just carbohydrates: many vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and phytonutrients too. Huel Bar has a low GI of 32 (6), and you can read more about GI here.

    The carbs in Huel Bar also come from other ingredients. Some of these carbs are from syrups making the total sugar content of Huel Bar higher than that of Huel Powder and Huel Ready-to-drink, but these are necessary to enable the dry ingredients to bind together in production. Wet ingredients can be in the form of oils, soluble-fibre syrups or sugar-based syrups. Oils provide fat, and the fat content of Huel Bar meets desired nutritional targets; too much of the soluble-fibre syrups may cause a laxative effect in sensitive individuals. We therefore found an ideal balance between the oils, fibre syrups and sugar syrups that meets both nutritional goals and makes a pleasant bar.

    Indeed, compared to most other nutrition bars on the market, Huel Bar is much lower in sugar content at just 10.2g per 65g bar, which is 16% by weight. Compare this to Nakd bar (Cocoa Delight) at 15.9g per 35g (45% by weight), or to Jordans Frusli bar (Apple & Cinnamon) at 10.8g per 30g (36% by weight).

    Fats: Flaxseed, Sunflower and Coconut

    The fats in Huel provide 32% of the total energy and are provided by flaxseed powder, sunflower oil and medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) derived from coconut. These ingredients ensure there are essential fatty acids in sufficient amounts. The sunflower oil is present to both help bind the bar and to provide good nutrition. MCTs, extracted from coconut oil, provide an energy-rich, sustained fuel and are perfect for those of us with busy lifestyles (7). But MCTs have another invaluable quality: they are not susceptible to oxidation and rancidity, meaning that they do not contribute to the formation of atherosclerotic plaques, which increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. In short, MCTs from coconut are a healthy and efficient source of energy. Read more about MCTs here.

    There are two completely essential fatty acids (EFAs) that humans require: linoleic acid (LA – an omega-6 fatty acid) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA – an omega-3) (8). By including flaxseed powder and sunflower oil, we’ve ensured Huel contains high amounts of both EFAs as well as other omega-3 and -6 fatty acids. Moreover, these natural oils provide antioxidants and other vitamins and minerals in a biochemical redox balance to help minimise free-radical production (9). Free radicals may be involved in the pathology of cancer, cardiovascular disease and ageing, so it’s desirable to keep their formation to a minimum, and this is the role of antioxidants.

    Huel Bar is High Protein

    The RI for protein is 50g per day, but this recommended amount only covers our very basic needs and prevents protein deficiency (1-3). The Western diet typically provides more (10), as does Huel Bar. All essential amino acids are included in adequate amounts from two vegan protein sources: pea and brown rice protein. Each Huel Bar provides around 15g of high-quality protein, i.e. 30% of the RI in just one bar. This provides a good amount for optimal health as well as building and maintaining a healthy body. Furthermore, protein is more satiating (appetite suppressing) than other macronutrients (11), and we’ve designed the bar to stop unwanted hunger pangs.

    Vitamins and Minerals in Huel Bar

    The bulk of the vitamins and minerals – also known as micronutrients – in Huel Bar are from natural ingredients. However, in order to meet the demands of a Western lifestyle, we’ve added a unique vitamin and mineral blend to provide, in some cases, more than 100% of the recommended amounts.

    Since the RNIs, RIs and NRVs have been published, there have been numerous studies demonstrating that, for many micronutrients, levels higher than these may have beneficial effects to health. For example, it’s widely considered that the amount of vitamin C we’re recommended to consume is too low (12-14), so we’ve added a high inclusion in the Huel Bar formula. Benefits of consuming more vitamin C include a healthy immune system, healthy skin and antioxidant properties (13-15), and it also helps the absorption of some minerals like iron and zinc (13, 15, 16).

    Similarly for vitamin D, the type we add to Huel Bar is vitamin D2 or ergocalciferol, which is the vegan-suitable form. The RNI for vitamin D was 5mcg per day, but in 2016 this was revised to 10mcg per day (17), so the amount of vitamin D in Huel Bar more than reflects this higher requirement*.

    With some of the trace elements, the levels are far higher than the recommended amounts. This is because we only need tiny amounts of them, but the ingredients in Huel Bar are a naturally rich source.

    Choline is a conditionally essential vitamin, and although, strictly speaking, it can be synthesised in our bodies, it’s more efficient to obtain it from our diets (18). It’s of particular importance for postmenopausal women (19, 20). As Huel is all about optimum health, the inclusion of choline was felt to be fundamental.

    There has been some concern about phytic acid, a naturally occurring substance in some cereals including oats. Phytic acid can chelate (bind) some minerals meaning that they’re less bioavailable (21). As oat powder is a fundamental ingredient of Huel, we’ve ensured that some minerals, like iron, are present in high amounts, to accommodate any issues with phytic acid chelation. Furthermore, the high amount of vitamin C will help the absorption of these minerals (16). Read more about iron and phytic acid here.

    Huel Bar is High Fibre

    The fibre in Huel Bar is a mixture of soluble and insoluble forms all naturally supplied from the food ingredients and provides more than most modern diets. The high-fibre content of Huel Bar helps to ensure the formation of normal, solid stools in healthy users.

    As discussed above, using soluble fibre solutions is one method of binding the bar in production, and the ingredients used are based on fibres that break down slowly. Fibre acts like a sponge, so it’s important to consume lots of water during the day (22). You may well have heard about the beneficial soluble fibre in oats called beta-glucan; well, Huel Bars contain a good amount of this cholesterol-lowering fibre, ideal for a healthy heart (23).

    Phytonutrients in Huel Bar

    Phytonutrients are substances found in plant foods which, whilst not essential, may exhibit some health benefits like disease-risk prevention. Junk food diets and many synthetic liquid diets that aren’t based on real food are deficient in phytonutrients, and thus consumers miss out on invaluable health benefits and antioxidant effects.

    Some of the fundamental ingredients of Huel Bar are phytonutrient-rich and the benefits are passed on to anyone consuming Huel. Phytonutrient polyphenols have antioxidant activity and help protect against cardiovascular disease, some cancers and age-related conditions. Huel Bar’s beneficial phytonutrients include:

    • Beta-glucans
    • Avenanthramides: antioxidant polyphenols unique to oats shown to have anti-inflammatory effects (24)
    • Ferulic acid: also from oats, a potent antioxidant and antibacterial agent that has also been shown to have anti-cancer properties (25)
    • Phytic acid
    • Lignans: antioxidants from oats and flaxseed that have been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (26)

    Read more about phytonutrients in Huel.

    Summary – Huel Bar Provides Optimal Nutrition

    Huel Bars are a complete and balanced source of macronutrients and micronutrients, and as such, they have a superior nutritional profile to most conventional diets. Unlike Huel Powder, they should not be used as your sole source of nutrition, but they are perfect as a nutritionally complete snack and are the ideal addition to a Huel diet.

    *based on a 2,000-calorie intake of Huel products.

    Amino Acid Profile of Huel Bar

    Protein is made up of amino acids. There are over 500 amino acids in nature, 20 of which are known as the standard amino acids, as these are the ones that are coded for genetically and are subsequently involved in primary protein synthesis in animals. Of these 20, nine are essential as they cannot be synthesised from other amino acids.

    The nine essential amino acids are:

    • Histidine
    • Isoleucine
    • Leucine
    • Lysine
    • Methionine
    • Phenylalanine
    • Threonine
    • Tryptophan
    • Valine

    The other 11 are:

    • Alanine
    • Arginine
    • Asparagine
    • Aspartic acid
    • Cysteine
    • Glutamine
    • Glutamic acid
    • Glycine
    • Proline
    • Serine
    • Tyrosine

      Amino Acid Content of Huel Bar (European formula v3.0 – based on Cocoa (levels similar for all varieties))

      Amino Acid (mg) Per 100g Per Bar RDA* % of RDA
      Tryptophan 241 156 280 56%
      Threonine 804 518 1050 49%
      Isoleucine 888 572 1400 41%
      Leucine 1778 1146 2730 42%
      Lysine 897 578 2100 28%
      Methionine 508 327 1050** 53%
      Cysteine 364 234
      Phenylalanine 1157 746 1750*** 83%
      Tyrosine 1094 705
      Valine 1192 768 1820 42%
      Histidine 1146 738 700 105%
      Arginine 1106 713
      Alanine 1200 773
      Aspartic acid**** 1919 1236
      Glutamic acid***** 2328 1500
      Glycine 925 596
      Proline 1037 668
      Serine 1067 687

      *WHO (2007) recommended daily amounts for essential amino acids for a 70kg adult

      **Combined total for methionine + cysteine

      ***Combined total for phenylalanine + tyrosine

      ****Figure includes asparagine

      *****Figure includes glutamine

      All protein sources are not equal: some are classed as ‘complete proteins’ and some are not. A complete protein is one that contains sufficient quantities of all nine essential amino acids.

      Generally, proteins derived from animal foods (meats, fish, poultry, milk and eggs) are complete. Some proteins derived from plant foods (legumes, seeds, grains and vegetables) are often complete as well; examples include chickpeas, black beans, pumpkin seeds, cashews, cauliflower, quinoa, pistachios, turnip greens, black-eyed peas and soya. Many plant foods have insufficient amounts of one or more of the essential amino acids. Some are notably low, such as corn protein, which is low in lysine and isoleucine.

      The protein in Huel Bars comes from pea protein (powder and nuggets), oats, brown rice protein, rice bran, cocoa and flaxseed. This ensures a good range of all amino acids and that there are sufficient amounts of the essential amino acids. Rice protein is high in the sulphur-containing amino acids cysteine and methionine, plus it contains good amounts of all the others but is very low in lysine. Pea protein is low in cysteine and methionine but high in lysine. These two sources ensure everything is covered whilst keeping Huel products vegan.

      Read more in our Guide to Protein Quality, Digestion and Absorption.

      Cautions and Allergen Advice

      Huel Bar is food; therefore it is suitable for people with most conditions. However, as some conditions require dietary intervention, like with any food, please heed the notes below for the following:

      • Diabetes mellitus - Huel Bar is suitable for type 1 and type 2 diabetics. As with all food, if you’re using medication to help control your diabetes, you should structure your intake of Huel appropriately.
      • Coeliac disease and dermatitis herpetiformis - Huel Bar is made with gluten-free oats and is certified as gluten-free; each batch is tested for gluten as part of our strict quality controls.
      • Inborn errors of metabolism - if you have a glycogen storage disorder (GSD) or other inborn error of metabolism where you require dietary manipulation, you must consult your doctor or specialist clinician before consuming Huel Bars. Huel products are not suitable for those who suffer from phenylketonuria (PKU).
      • Inflammatory bowel disease - if you suffer from Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis or proctitis, we advise caution when consuming Huel Bars as symptoms vary considerably between individuals. Try one bar per day for a few days and assess symptoms before increasing your intake. If you are experiencing a flare-up, we advise you not to consume them.
      • Pregnancy and lactation - Huel products are fine to use during pregnancy and for nursing/lactating mothers, but they should not be the sole source of nutrition as there are different nutritional requirements during this period.
      • Children - Huel Bars are not suitable for children under 4 years of age. However, older children may include them as part of a balanced diet that includes a variety of other foods, but Huel products should not be their sole source of nutrition as they have different nutritional requirements to adults.
      • Eating disorders - Huel products may be consumed by individuals with anorexia or bulimia nervosa as a useful source of complete nutrition. However, we recommend that individuals with eating disorders only include Huel products after discussing it with their doctor or relevant clinician.

      Medication Interactions

      Huel Bars are fine to consume if you’re using most medication. Although there are no obvious reasons why Huel Bars should be an issue, there may be specific drug-nutrient interactions relating to a particular medicine you’re using, so we recommend you read the drug information provided with your prescription, and if you have any further concerns, please discuss them with your doctor.

      Allergen Advice

      Huel Bars are 100% vegan and free from all EU listed allergens.

      Further Reading


      1. COMA. Dietary reference values for food energy and nutrients for the United Kingdom. Report of the Panel on Dietary Reference Values of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy. Rep Health Soc Subj (Lond).1991; 41:1-210.
      2. Food and Drink Europe. Guidance on the Provision of Food Information to Consumers Regulation (EU) No. 1169/2011. 2013. [Available from:].
      3. British Nutrition Foundation. Nutrition Requirements Revised 2017 [Available from:].
      4. Jenkins DJ, et al. Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange. Am J Clin Nutr. 1981; 34(3):362-6.
      5. Brouns F, et al. Glycaemic index methodology. Nutr Res Rev. 2005; 18(1):145-71.
      6. Lightowler H, et al. Glycaemic Index Value for Huel Cocoa Bar v2.0. Oxford Brookes Centre for Nutrition and Health, Oxford Brookes University; 2018.
      7. Marten B, et al. Medium-chain triglycerides. International Dairy Journal. 2006; 16(11):1374-82.
      8. Linus Pauling Institute. Oregon State University. Essential Fatty Acids [Available from:].
      9. Halliwell B, et al. Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine. 3rd ed. New York: NY: Oxford University Press; 1999.
      10. Cordain L, et al. Origins and evolution of the Western diet: health implications for the 21st century. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005; 81(2):341-54.
      11. Weigle DS, et al. A high-protein diet induces sustained reductions in appetite, ad libitum caloric intake, and body weight despite compensatory changes in diurnal plasma leptin and ghrelin concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005; 82(1):41-8.
      12. Deruelle F, et al. Vitamin C: is supplementation necessary for optimal health? J Altern Complement Med. 2008; 14(10):1291-8.
      13. Combs J, Gerald F. The Vitamins. 4 ed. Burlington:: Elsevier Science; 2012.
      14. Carr AC, et al. Toward a new recommended dietary allowance for vitamin C based on antioxidant and health effects in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999; 69(6):1086-107.
      15. Linus Pauling Institute. Oregon State University. Vitamin C [Available from:].
      16. Siegenberg D, et al. Ascorbic acid prevents the dose-dependent inhibitory effects of polyphenols and phytates on nonheme-iron absorption. Am J Clin Nutr. 1991; 53(2):537-41.
      17. SACN. Vitamin D and Health. 2016.
      18. Zeisel SH, et al. Choline: an essential nutrient for public health. Nutr Rev. 2009; 67(11):615-23.
      19. Fischer LM, et al. Dietary choline requirements of women: effects of estrogen and genetic variation. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010; 92(5):1113-9.
      20. Fischer LM, et al. Sex and menopausal status influence human dietary requirements for the nutrient choline. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007; 85(5):1275-85.
      21. Schlemmer U, et al. Phytate in foods and significance for humans: food sources, intake, processing, bioavailability, protective role and analysis. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2009; 53 Suppl 2:S330-75.
      22. Gallaher D. Dietary Fiber. Washington D.C.: ILSI Press; 2006.
      23. Brown L, et al. Cholesterol-lowering effects of dietary fiber: a meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999; 69(1):30-42.
      24. Meydani M. Potential health benefits of avenanthramides of oats. Nutr Rev. 2009; 67(12):731-5.
      25. Ibtissem B, et al. Antioxidant and Antibacterial Properties of Mesembryanthemum Crystallinum and Carpobrotus Edulis Extracts. Adv Chem Eng Sci. 2012; 2(3):359-65.
      26. Vanharanta M, et al. Risk of cardiovascular disease-related and all-cause death according to serum concentrations of enterolactone: Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. Arch Intern Med. 2003; 163(9):1099-104.

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